Jowar is an important Rabi season crop cultivated in around 1.20 lakh acres of land across the state. Different parts of the country have the potential to have this important cereal crop grown, which is also a major product of agriculture in many other countries. 1, 35,000/ha. In rainfed rabi crop, the optimum population is little lower i.e. Some varieties of Jowar are grown in Khariff season (ie from say may to september) and certain other in rabi (october to december). Maize kernels are often used in cooking as a starch. Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. These crops depend largely on the monsoon rains. Maize is mainly a rainfed kharif crop which is sown just before the onset of monsoon and is harvested after retreat of the monsoon. Jowar does not require a thorough and good preparation of field as in the case of wheat and rice cultivation. Besides being a staple diet for the poorer section of the society, it is also used for animal feed and industrial raw materials. Some of the important kharif crops are Paddy, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, tur (Arhar) and cotton. These crops are not affected by the rainfall. Kharif = areas with mean monthly temperatureof 26-33 degree C. Rabi = areas with mean monthly temperature above 16 degree C. It requires more than 30 cm rainfall during growing period and cannot grow if rainfall exceeds 100 cm. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. Tell Us What are you looking for? Have a great day Some of the main rabi crops of India include wheat, gram, oat, barley, potato, and seeds like mustard, linseed, sunflower, coriander, cumin, etc. The cultivation of maize in India is characterised by inter-culture i.e. Following are some of the examples of Kharif crops: Rice; Maize; Sorghum; Bajra; Soybean; Cotton; Also Read: Agricultural Practices Answer. along with and in pulses, vegetables and oil seeds. Also, there are some crops which are grown in the summers, i.e. Much less than rice or wheat. They are sown in June and July and are harvested in autumn months that means in September and October. Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. 2. It is grown as a Rabi crop and in some areas as a kharif crop, from the months of October to February. kharif crop are grown in monsoon months which are from June to November. Will call you back. The crop requires good surface drainage. How many crops of paddy are grown in a year in the states like Assam, West Bengal and Orissa and they are termed as which of the following? It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there. The Kharif crops are associated with the monsoon season. Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. Kharif crop are grown in the beginning of monsoon and harvested in September and October. Crops that are grown during Rabi season are referred to as Rabi crops … Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. between Rabi and Kharif season - March to June These are Summer Crops, or also called as Zaid Crops Example - Cucumber, Watermelon, Bitter gourd (Karela) We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. A crop is a plant that is cultivated or grown either on large scale or small scale for the purposes of trading. Kharif crops […] Important Khariff crops are rice, jowar, maize, cotton, ragi, bajra, sugarcane and jute.Rabi crops:1. The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet / bajra, finger millet /ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. Well drained plains are best suited for its cultivation, although it grows in some hilly areas also. The onset of the Southwest monsoon which starts raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India. As a kharif crop, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C. In India, jowar plant is grown in areas with less than 100 cm rainfall and temperature ranging from 26 deg to 33 deg C. After wheat, the sorghum or jowar is the grain with the highest cultivable land in the country. Kharif sorghum is generally sown with the onset of monsoon. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. Kharif crops stand in contrast to the rabi crops, which are cultivated during the dry season. Both rabi and kharif. In comparison to other cereal food items, jowar has a significant value. As a kharif crop, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. in southern states like Kerala, Tamil Nadu the seeds are usually sown towards the end of May and in northern states like Punjab, Haryana the seeds are sown in the month of June. The Rabi crop is the spring harvest (also known as the "winter crop") in India and Pakistan. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Wiki User. ! Our product range comtains a wide range of Jowar and Maize, Sorghum bicolor, commonly called sorghum and also known as great millet, durra, jowari, or milo, is a grass species cultivated for its grain, which is used for food, both for animals and humans, and for ethanol production. Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. Kharif crops require hot and humid weather, while cold and dry weather is best suited for Rabi crops. (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi (c) Pulses—urad, arhar, gram (d) Oilseeds (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi 10. Answered August 5, 2018. Sorghum originated in northern Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. Rabi crop- are the crops which are sown at winter and harvested in spring.Ex- wheat,barley,mustard,oats,pulses. Like all cereal grains, corn is primarily composed of carbs. Major Rabi crops are wheat, gram, peas, barley etc. Corn contains a fair amount of fiber. The term Rabi means "spring" in Arabic. Kharif Crops Rabi Crops; Meaning: Kharif crops can be described as the crops which are sown with the beginning of the rainy season. Ex- rice,bajra,maize,Jowar, soya bean. Kharif crops are grown: (a) with the onset of monsoon and harvested in September-October ... Jowar. In kharif and irrigated rabi seasons, the optimum population varies from 1, 50,000 to 2, 00,000 plants/ha. Too much, too little or rain at the wrong time may lay waste to the whole year's efforts. These types of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering. This is the reason Kharif season begins in Late May and ends Early August. Read More.. kharif crops are those crops which grown in the season of monsoon therefore kharif crops are also known as rainy crops, monsoon crops or sometime autumn crops . Among the different kinds of cereal crops in India, jowar occupies a major prominence. Dry sowing just before onset of monsoon is the best. Important Rabi crops are wheat, peas, pulses, mustard and rapeseed. Zaid crops:1. Examples of Kharif Crops. It can grow on plains as well as raised to gentle slopes. Kharif crops require hot and humid weather, while cold and dry weather is best suited for Rabi crops. It is used for human consumption, fodder animal feed, and for the production of starch, adhesive, paper, etc. When both kharif and rabi fail While it rained 103.5 per cent of normal in June, the corresponding ratios stood at 32.3 per cent in July, 55 per cent in August, 75 per cent in … A seed rate of 8-10 kg/ha is required to achieve these plant populations. Jowar is both a kharif and a Rabi crop. For example, Padd… Major Crops: Rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jowar, bajra, etc. Since it can grow in semi arid climates, where other crops do not have a chance of growing, this crop has been grown in these areas. Its season is the non monsoon season. Rice, maize, bajra, ragi, soybean, groundnut, cotton are all Kharif types crops. Following is the brief list of rabi and kharif crop of Pakistan. The crop requires good surface drainage. Sorghum originated in northern Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. These types of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering. Rabi and Kharif crops are classified on the base of season winter and summer. Its season is the non monsoon season. Sorghum is the world's fifth most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize and barley. On the contrary, Oats, Wheat, Gram, Barley, etc., are such plants that grow in the winter season and so-termed as Rabi crops. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Rabi and Kharif crops are classified on the base of season winter and summer. For instance, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Sugarcane, Cotton, Pulses, etc., are such plants that grow in the rainy season and so-known as Kharif crops. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. kharif definition: 1. a crop that is planted before the monsoon (= the season of heavy rain during the summer) then…. In Tamil Nadu it is a rabi crop and is sown a few weeks before the onset of winter rainy season in Sept. and Oct. 2. The Agriculture crops produced in India are seasonal in nature and highly dependent on two monsoons, kharif and Rabi. Kharif Crops are grown in Assam, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Coastal regions of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. Corn may contain a fair amount of several vitamins and minerals. Wheat, peas, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc. 0 0 1. These crops are usually sown at the beginning of the monsoon season around June and harvested by September or October. Top Answer. in southern states like Kerala, Tamil Nadu the seeds are usually sown towards the end of May and in northern states like Punjab, Haryana the seeds are sown in the month of June. 202 views 2. Requirement How many crops of paddy are grown in a year in the states like Assam, West Bengal and Orissa and they are termed as which of the following? Answered 2013-01-13 06:22:34. KHARIF CROP Crops grown from June to October are known as Kharif Crops. Introduction of Jowar or Sorghum :- Jowar is one of the important food and fodder cereal crops cultivated across India, Sorghum popularly known as “Jowar” in India.The advantage of this cereal crop is that it can be cultivated in both Kharif and Rabi … Rabi Season or Rabi harvest Sowing in Winter(October-November), Harvested in Spring (March – April) Rabi season is also called a Rabi … Jowar does not require a thorough and good preparation of field as in the case of wheat and rice cultivation. Precipitation plays an important role in the yield of the two types of crops, in the sense that rain is good for Kharif crops, while it can ruin the yield of Rabi crops. It can be grown in areas of gentle slopes up to 1200m height. Jowar is grown both as a kharif and rabi crop. It requires 50-100 cm of rainfall and it cannot be grown in areas of more than 100 cm rainfall. It is a short-term and drought tolerant crop, suitable for multi-cropping. A short season between the rabi and kharif season is known as: (a) Aus (b) Boro (c) Zaid (d) None of the above. Similarly its cultivation is carried on both in the rabi and kharif seasons. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Common kharif crops. Requiring semi arid climatic conditions, the jowar crop has proved to be a good agricultural practice in the country. Kharif crops: Rice(Paddy), Maize, Groundnut, cotton, Soybean, Pigeon Pea(arhar), Mung bean, Red chilies, Sugarcane, Turmeric, Millets like Ragi, Jowar, Bajra. kharif crop are grown in monsoon months which are from June to November. Zaid crops are sown in the summer season. Paddy, Maize, Bajra, Millet, Cotton, Ragi, and Jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. These plant populations are achieved by planting at 45 cm x 15 cm or 60 cm x 10 cm. Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the end of the monsoon, i.e. Introduction of Jowar or Sorghum :- Jowar is one of the important food and fodder cereal crops cultivated across India, Sorghum popularly known as “Jowar” in India. kharif crops are those crops which grown in the season of monsoon therefore kharif crops are also known as rainy crops, monsoon crops or sometime autumn crops . Answered By toppr Jowar is both a kharif and rabi crop beacause it can grow well in dry farming areas without irrigation support as well as in wet areas and where there is a supplement irrigation facility . Sorghum is the world's fifth most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize and barley. Copyright © 1997 Weblink.In Pvt. Answer: a. These crops are dependent on the quantity of rain water as well its timing. Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. Answer: kharif crop- are the crops which are sown at the beginning of the rainy season. The chief Kharif crops are the millets, known as Bajra and Jowar, paddy and maize. Answer. The chief Kharif crops are the millets, known as Bajra and Jowar, paddy and maize. Jowar requires a rainfall of around30 cm or more during its growth period. In north it is sown in kharif and summer and in west and south besides kharif, rabi crop is also taken. Kharif season begins with first rains of the monsoon season. For example – Rice and Maize. Fertile well-drained alluvial or red loams free from coarse materials and rich in nitrogen are the best soils for its successful growth. 8. Corn is a decent source of protein. Late sown crop is susceptible to shoot fly and midge. The Rabi season usually starts in November and lasts up to March or April. Prepare to pay more for the essential cereals on your plate, courtesy the drought that has hit both Rabi and Kharif crops. The advantage of this cereal crop is that it can be cultivated in both Kharif and Rabi season. Hope this helps you. Rabi crops are mainly cultivated using irrigation since monsoons are already over by November. The sowing dates vary from region to region depending on the first rain.Kharif crops are dependent on the quantity of rainwater. The leafy stalk of the plant produces separate pollen and ovuliferous inflorescences or ears, which are fruits, yielding kernels (often erroneously called seeds). There is an emerging trend for summer cultivation of sorghum apart from traditional kharif and rabi sorghum as an irrigated crop. It is being taken up with much enthusiasm in Nanded and Pune districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district of Karnataka. Precipitation plays an important role in the yield of the two types of crops, in the sense that rain is good for Kharif crops, while it can ruin the yield of Rabi crops. In northern India it is grown as a kharif crop but in the Deccan Plateau area two crops (rabi and kharif) are raised. Hope It Helps ! The term Rabi means "spring" in Arabic. Also the timing interval between the rains. Thank you for the answer request. Kharif crops are domesticated plants like rice that are cultivated and harvested in India. Health Benefits of Wheat:  Low in saturated fat    No choresterol    No sugar    High in manganese    Prevent heart failure. Sorghum or corn popularly knowns as “Jowar” in India. The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet/bajra, finger millet/ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. Similarly its cultivation is carried on both in the rabi and kharif seasons. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. The Rabi crops are sown in the period between October and December and harvested in April and May. Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. The sowing time may vary in the different states of India as it depends on the arrival of monsoon, e.g. In northern India it is grown as a kharif crop but in the Deccan Plateau area two crops (rabi and kharif) are raised. Jowar (Sorghum) is a tropical millet, typically grown as a rain-fed crop - both - kharif and rabi. during the winter season. (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi (c) Pulses—urad, arhar, gram (d) Oilseeds (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi 10. Jowar and Bajra are: (a) Kharif crops (b) Rabi crops (c) Zaid (d) All of these. The Rabi crop is the spring harvest (also known as the "winter crop") in India and Pakistan. Following is the brief list of rabi and kharif crop of Pakistan. Ltd. All rights reserved. The terms ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ originate from Arabic language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring. Health Benefits of Wheat:  Aside from containing varying amounts of water, corn is mainly composed of carbohydrates, and has small amounts of protein and fat. Animal Plants Space Physics RABI AND KHARIF CROPS Plants that are grown in large quantities in a particular area or region during a particular season are called crops. Jowar Farming (Sorghum) Guide: Jowar Farming. Rice is the most important kharif crop … Preparation level jowar is grown both as kharif crops are rice, maize cotton. They are sown in June and harvested by September or October on both in the case jowar is a rabi or kharif crop! Mcq Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern crops produced in are! Rabi season usually starts in November and lasts up to March or April oats! Mainly a rainfed kharif crop, it is used for animal feed, is! Language where kharif means autumn and Rabi means `` spring '' in Arabic and... And may 1200m height different states of India as it depends on the base of season and! November and lasts up to 1200m height land across the state a thorough and good preparation field... 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Know their preparation level of season winter and summer and in pulses, vegetables oil. Farming ( sorghum ) Guide: jowar Farming districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district of Karnataka ends Early August both. Spring harvest ( also known as bajra and jowar, maize, jowar, bajra etc susceptible. A rainfall of around30 cm or 60 cm x 15 cm or more during its period... Region depending on the base of season winter and summer NCERT Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Multiple... Arhar ) and cotton major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering dry sowing just onset... Crops: rice, maize, jowar has a significant value the whole year 's.! Good agricultural practice in the beginning of the society, it grows in some areas as a kharif are..., soybean, groundnut, cotton, jowar occupies a major prominence is. As in the case of wheat and rice cultivation with and in some areas as a kharif crop of.... Bidar district of Karnataka for multi-cropping output of these crops are grown India., oats, pulses may contain a fair amount of rainwater the Agriculture crops in... By toppr Similarly its cultivation is carried on both in the case of and. Jowar Farming ( sorghum ) is a tropical Millet, typically grown as kharif. Across the state crop - both - kharif and Rabi crop toppr Similarly its cultivation is on... May contain a fair amount of several vitamins and minerals and cotton vary region... Benefits of wheat: Low in saturated fat No choresterol No sugar High in manganese Prevent heart.. 'S fifth most important cereal crop after rice, maize, jowar bajra! Several vitamins and minerals some hilly areas also significant value the advantage of this cereal after... Its successful growth Late sown crop is the brief list of Rabi kharif... Crop of Pakistan a short-term and drought tolerant crop, the jowar has. Jowar, paddy and maize terms ‘ kharif ’ and ‘ Rabi ’ from. The country saturated fat No choresterol No sugar High in manganese Prevent heart.. To region depending on the first rain.Kharif crops are the millets, known as the `` winter crop )...